Restoration & Preservation

THE RESTORATION STUDY OF THE TARAGAON HOTEL

Building “A” seen from the south | Dec 10, 2009
The space between the two rooms on the left was closed in with a shed roof. It is planned to remove all later additions to the structure and preserve the buildings in their original design. The vaulted roofs are covered with black lichen and mold and walls have been damaged by leaking roofs.

CHANGES TO THE ORIGINAL BUILDINGS

Over the years the hotel was adapted for many new uses:project offices during the construction of the Hyatt Hotel,storage facilities, accommodations for security staff and casino operations. Buildings were added and spaces enclosed with cheaply built shacks using corrugated metal and recycled brick.

During those years maintenance was almost not existent and only some makeshift repairs such as temporary steel roofs over some brick buildings and installation of plastic tarps covering flat roofs prevented even more damage to the original buildings.

Damaged brick masonry was poorly patched with cement mortar and silicon and leaking windows were patched up with bitumen. Unchecked growth of Pipal trees caused some of the most serious destruction and poor storm water drainage and clogged drains caused additional damage to walls and foundations.

All of the original electrical and sanitary installations are either broken or so outdated that little can be salvaged.

THE RESTORATION

The primary goal of the restoration concept is to bring back the buildings to their original appearance. No additions, new buildings, or changes of the exterior architecture are planned within the complex. However, the new use as an documentation center will necessitate some adaptations of the interior layout. Electric installations, bathrooms and toilets, windows and doors will all be replaced with modern high quality products but staying true to the original design intention.

Left image- Building “G” seen from the east | Oct 5, 2010
Patio spaces between the rooms were enclosed to provide extra room for guard quarters. Walls were capped with plain cement mortar to prevent water infiltration.

Middle Image- Building “G” seen from the east | Oct 20, 2010
The shacks between the original buildings (where the white painted walls remain) were demolished. This building will provide three artist in residence apartments.

Right Image- Building “C” seen from the north | Dec 10, 2009
Over the years most structures were extensively altered and build onto. All such changes will be reversed to bring the buildings back to their original form.

Left Image- Building “B” | Dec 10, 2009
This photo shows temporary plastic roof covers and protective steel shed roofs.

Right Image- Buildings “B” and “C” seen from the north | Dec 10, 2009
The original building’s roof on the left was so badly damaged that a temporary metal roof was built over it for protection. All other vaulted roofs and flat roofs are leaking and have partly been covered with tarps and metal sheets.

Left Image- Building “G” seen from the south | Oct 20, 2010
Extensive damage to the walls by a Pipal tree root system. In addition, the slanted walls foundations have sagged causing cracks in the walls.

Middle Image- Building “F” seen from the north-west | Dec 10, 2009
Typical damage caused by Pipal roots.

Right Image- Building “F” seen from the north-west | Dec 10, 2009
Extensive damage of walls was caused by clogged drainpipes located on the inside of walls.

BRICK WALLS AND FOUNDATIONS:
Since the buildings have not been maintained for many years most the walls are stained by lichen and mold and other organic growth. Clogged and overflowing roof drains have caused water infiltration into the building and caused damage to the interiors. Foundation settlements have resulted in large cracks in some of the walls (e.g. extension of the building “G”). Pipal trees pose a major threat to the structural integrity. The unchecked growth of roots have found their way to the base of buildings’ foundation and have caused extensive damage. An example is building “H”where a Pipal tree has dislodged the northern wall by several inches. Many years of water leakage has damaged this part of the building to the extent of collapse.

RECOMMENDED REPAIRS:
Eradicating Pipal trees that have established themselves in a structure for many years is very difficult. All loose and damaged masonry needs to be removed and the root system pulled out as much as possible. Where small roots continue into foundation chemical treatment is recommended. The traditional way is to inject an acid solution and pesticides to destroy further growth of roots. The project will investigate if there are other, possibly more effective, methods available. The consolidation of weak or damaged foundation will have to be decided on a case to case basis. For example: the settlements of the building “G” eastern foundations do not pose a structural threat to the building and will therefore not have to be rebuild. Cracks in the walls will be patched with waterproof mortar to avoid further damages. Another example is the northern wall of building “F”: There the damage from large Pipal root system is so extensive that not only the wall needs to be rebuild from ground up but parts of the foundations and the concrete ceiling structure as well. Bricks laid on edge on top of most walls have become weakened and dislodged in many places. In general, all loose masonry will be removed, cleaned and reset in waterproof mortar. All masonry will have to be carefully cleaned from all organic growth and residue employing brushes, detergents and high pressure water cleaners.